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Prof. Dr. Melissa Le-Hoa Võ

Department of Cognitive Psychology
Scene Grammar Lab
PEG, Room 5.G091
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 6
60323 Frankfurt am Main

Tel +49 (0)69 798 35342



Scientific Focus

Our visual world is complex, yet highly predictable. Most objects that surround us are not randomly located, but are placed according to certain rules. Thus, scene priors — i.e. expectations regarding what objects (scene semantics) are supposed to be where (scene syntax) within a scene — strongly guide attention in the real world. The Scene Grammar Lab is interested in a wide variety of aspects in visual cognition, particularly visual attention and visual memory during scene perception. The lab’s core research areas therefore include top-down guidance in scene search, neural representation and development of scene knowledge, as well as action-perception interactions in real-world scenarios.

Keywords: Visual Cognition, Scene Perception, Visual Search and Memory, Development of Scene Grammar


Eye Tracking
Electroencephalography (EEG)

Selected Publications

Võ, M. L.-H., Aizenman, A. M. & Wolfe, J. M. (2016). You think you know where you looked? You better look again. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Vol 42(10), 1477-1481.

Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2015). The role of memory for visual search in scenes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339, 72–81.

Võ, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Differential ERP Signatures Elicited by Semantic and Syntactic Processing in Scenes. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1816 –1823.

Wolfe, J. M., Võ, M. L.-H., Evans, K. K., & Greene, M. R. (2011). Visual search in scenes involves selective and non-selective pathways. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(2), 77-84.

Võ, M. L.-H., Conrad, M., Kuchinke, L., Hartfeld, K., Hofmann, M. F., & Jacobs, A. M. (2009). The Berlin Affective Word List Reloaded (BAWL-R). Behavior Research Methods, 41(2), 534-538.

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