Prof. Dr. med. Georg Wolfgang Josef Auburger

Zentrum für Neurologie und Neurochirurgie, ZNN
Klinik für Neurologie
Experimentelle Neurologie
Haus 89, Heinrich Hoffmann Strasse 7
D - 60528 Frankfurt am Main

Tel +49 (0)69 6301 7428
Fax +49 (0)69 6301 7142

auburgerem.uni-frankfurt.de

Homepage

Scientific Focus

Brain degeneration is a frequent problem at old age, but its prevention is currently impossible.
Microscopic studies have revealed quite specific patterns and hallmarks of neurodegeneration.
Hypothesis-driven biochemical and molecular research are making only slow progress to elucidate underlying causes and mechanisms.

Many of these diseases may be inherited in a monogenic manner in exceptional families,
allowing hypothesis-free genetic approaches:
- We define the chromosomal localization and identify the mutations of the disease gene;
- We study the subcellular localization and the protein and the molecular interactions of the mutant disease protein;
- We generate and characterize mouse mutants, which define the function of the disease protein
or which are engineered to model and study initial stages of the disease process.
- We survey expression changes across all genes within tissues from patients or mutant animals.
- We define biomarkers to quantify disease severity and progression,
in order to validate the benefit of preventive therapies.

Clinically, the group is focused on
- the SCA2 variant of Cerebellar Ataxia,
- the PARK6 / PARK1 / PARK4 variants of Parkinson's Disease.

Functionally, the team has accumulated evidence that mitochondrial quality control after cell stress is crucial for neurodegeneration, so we are exploring the bioenergetic and inflammatory consequences.

Methods

Our group uses a wide spectrum of techniques, including

- the analysis of tissues and (transfected) cultured cells with mutation screens, molecular biology, global transcriptome and proteome studies, immunohistochemistry and fluorescent microscopy, biochemistry of protein interactions;

- the analysis of patients / mice with neurological motor or behaviour tests, cooperating with experts for electro-physiological tests or for brain imaging analysis.

Selected Publications

On SCA2 / polyglutamine disorders:

Orozco-Diaz G, Nodarse-Fleites A, Cordoves-Sagaz R, Auburger G (1990) Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia: Clinical analysis of 263 patients from a homogeneous population in Holguin, Cuba. Neurology, 40:1369-1375

Gispert S, Twells R, Orozco G, Brice A, Weber J, Heredero L, Scheufler K, Riley B, Allotey R, Nothers C, Hillermann R, Lunkes A, Khati C, Stevanin G, Hernandez A, Magarińo C, Klockgether T, Durr A, Chneiweiss H, Enczmann J, Farrall M, Beckmann J, Mullan M, Wernet P, Agid Y, Freund H-J, Williamson R, Auburger G§, Chamberlain S§ (1993) Chromosomal assignment of the second (Cuban) locus for autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (SCA2) to human chromosome 12q23-24.1. Nat Genet, 4:295-299.

Pulst S, Nechiporuk A, Nechiporuk T, Gispert S, Chen X, Lopes-Cendes I, Pearlman S, Starkman S, Orozco G, Lunkes A, de Jong P, Rouleau G, Auburger G, Korenberg JR, Figueroa C, Sahba S (1996) Moderate expansion of a normally biallelic trinucleotide repeat in Spinocerebellar ataxia 2. Nat Genet, 14:269-276.

Estrada R, Galarraga J, Orozco G, Nodarse A, Auburger G (1999) Spinocerebellar ataxia 2 (SCA2): Morphometric analyses in 11 autopsies. Acta Neuropathol, 97:306-310.

Nussbaum R, Auburger G (2000) Neurodegeneration in the polyglutamine diseases: Act1, Scene 1. Nat Neurosci, 3:103-104.

Velázquez-Pérez L, Seifried C, Santos-Falcón N, Abele M, Ziemann U, Almaguer LE, Martínez-Góngora E, Sánchez-Cruz G, Canales N, Pérez-González R, Velázquez-Manresa M, Viebahn B, Stuckrad-Barre S, Fetter M, Klockgether T, Auburger G (2004) Saccade velocity is controlled by polyglutamine size in Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2. Ann Neurol, 56 (3):444-7.

Nonis D, Schmidt MHH, van de Loo S, Eich F, Dikic I, Nowock J, Auburger G (2008) Ataxin-2 associates with the endocytosis complex and affects EGF receptor trafficking. Cell Signalling, 20(10):1725-39.

Lastres-Becker I, Brodesser S, Lütjohann D, Azizov M, Buchmann J, Hintermann E, Sandhoff K, Schürmann A, Nowock J, Auburger G (2008) Insulin receptor and lipid metabolism pathology in ataxin-2 knock-out mice. Hum Mol Genet, 17(10):1465-81.

van de Loo S, Eich F, Nonis D, Auburger G, Nowock J (2009) Ataxin-2 associates with rough endoplasmic reticulum. Exp Neurol, 215(1):110-8.

Elden AC, Kim H-J, Hart MP, Chen-Plotkin AS, Johnson BS, Fang X, Armakola M, Geser F, Greene R, Lu MM, Padmanabhan A, Juhr D, Rüb U, Auburger G, Trojanowski JQ, Lee VM-Y, van Deerlin VM, Bonini N, Gitler AD (2010) Ataxin-2 intermediate length polyglutamine expansions associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and a link to TDP-43 pathogenesis. Nature, 466(7310):1069-75.

Meierhofer D, Halbach M, Seidel G, Sen NE, Gispert S, Krobitsch S, Auburger G (2016) Atxn2-Knock-Out mice show branched chain amino acids and fatty acids pathway alterations. Mol & Cell Proteomics, 15(5):1728-39.

Lastres-Becker I, Nonis D, Eich F, Klinkenberg M, Gorospe M, Kötter P, Klein FA, Kedersha N, Auburger G (2016) Mammalian ataxin-2 modulates translation control at the pre-initiation complex via PI3K/mTOR and is induced by starvation. Biochim Biophys Acta, 1862:1558-1569.

Sen NE, Drost J, Gispert S, Torres-Odio S, Damrath E, Klinkenberg M, Hamzeiy H, Akdal G, Güllüoğlu H, Başak AN, Auburger G. Search for SCA2 blood RNA biomarkers highlights Ataxin-2 as strong modifier of the mitochondrial factor PINK1 levels. Neurobiol Dis, 96:115-126.

Becker LA, Huang B, Bieri G, Ma R, Knowles DA, Jafar-Nejad P, Messing J, Kim HJ, Soriano A, Auburger G, Pulst SM, Taylor JP, Rigo F, Gitler AD. Therapeutic reduction of ataxin-2 extends lifespan and reduces pathology in TDP-43 mice. Nature. 2017 Apr 20;544(7650):367-371.

Auburger G, Sen NE, Meierhofer D, Başak AN, Gitler AD. Efficient Prevention of Neurodegenerative Diseases by Depletion of Starvation Response Factor Ataxin-2. Trends Neurosci. 2017 Jul 3. pii: S0166-2236(17)30116-9.


On PARK6:

Valente EM, Abou-Sleiman PM, Caputo V, Muqit MMK, Harvey K, Gispert S, Ali Z, Del Turco D, Bentivoglio AR, Healy DG, Albanese A, Nussbaum R, Gonzalez-Maldonado R, Deller T, Salvi S, Cortelli P, Gilks WP, Latchman DS, Harvey RJ, Dallapiccola B, Auburger G§, Wood NW§ (2004) Hereditary early-onset Parkinson’s disease is caused by mutations in PINK1. Science, 304(5674):1158-60.

Exner N, Treske B, Paquet D, Holmström K, Schiesling C, Gispert S, Carballo-Carbajal I, Berg D, Gasser T, Krüger R, Winklhofer K, Vogel F, Reichert AS, Auburger G, Kahle P, Schmid B, Haass C (2007) Loss of function of human PINK1 results in mitochondrial pathology and can be rescued by parkin. J Neurosci, 27(45):12413-8.

Gispert S, Ricciardi F, Kurz A, Azizov M, Hoepken H-H, Becker D, Voos W, Leuner K, Müller WE, Kudin AP, Kunz WS, Zimmermann A, Roeper J, Wenzel D, Jendrach M, García-Arencíbia M, Fernández-Ruiz J, Huber L, Rohrer H, Barrera M, Reichert A, Rüb U, Chen A, Nussbaum RL, Auburger G (2009) Parkinson phenotype in aged PINK1-deficient mice is accompanied by progressive mitochondrial dysfunction in absence of neurodegeneration. PLoS ONE, 4(6):e5777.

Mai S, Klinkenberg M, Auburger G, Bereiter-Hahn J, Jendrach M (2010) Decreased expressio of Drp1 and Fis1 mediates mitochondrial elongation in senescent cells and enhances resistance to oxidative stress through PINK1. J Cell Sci, 123(Pt6):917-26.

Gispert S, Brehm N, Weil J, Seidel K, Rüb U, Kern B, Walter M, Roeper J, Auburger G (2015) Potentiation of neurotoxicity in double mutant mice with Pink1 ablation and A53T-SNCA overexpression. Hum Mol Genet, 24(4):1061-76.

Gehrke S, Wu Z, Klinkenberg M, Sun Y, Auburger G, Guo S, Lu B (2015) PINK1 and Parkin control localized translation of respiratory chain component mRNAs on mitochondria outer membrane. Cell Metab, 21(1):95-108.

Azkona G, López de Maturana R, Del Rio P, Sousa A, Vazquez N, Zubiarrain A, Jimenez-Blasco D, Bolańos JP, Morales B, Auburger G, Arbelo JM, Sánchez-Pernaute R. LRRK2 Expression Is Deregulated in Fibroblasts and Neurons from Parkinson Patients with Mutations in PINK1. Mol Neurobiol. 2016 Dec 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Sen NE, Gispert S, Auburger G. PINK1 and Ataxin-2 as modifiers of growth. Oncotarget. 2017 May 16;8(20):32382-32383.

Torres-Odio S, Key S, Hoepken HH, Canet-Pons J, Valek L, Roller B, Walter M, Morales-Gordo B, Meierhofer D, Harter PN, Mittelbronn M, Tegeder I, Gispert S, Auburger G. Progression of pathology in PINK1-deficient mouse brain
from splicing via ubiquitination, ER stress and mitophagy changes to neuroinflammation. J Neuroinflamm, in press.


On PARK1/PARK4:

Gispert S, Del Turco D, Garrett L, Chen A, Bernard D, Hamm-Clement J, Korf HW, Deller T, Braak H, Auburger G§, Nussbaum RL§ (2003) Transgenic mice expressing mutant A53T human alpha synuclein show neuronal dysfunction in the absence of aggregate formation. Mol Cell Neurosci, 24:419-29.

Kurz A, Double KL, Lastres-Becker I, Tozzi A, Tantucci M, Bockhart V, Bonin M, García-Arencíbia M, Nuber S, Schlaudraff F, Liss B, Fernández-Ruiz J, Gerlach M, Wüllner U, Lüddens H, Calabresi P, Auburger G, Gispert S (2010) A53T-alpha-synuclein overexpression impairs dopamine signaling and striatal synaptic plasticity in old mice. PLoS ONE, 5(7):e11464.

Subramaniam M, Althof D, Gispert S, Schwenk J, Auburger G, Kulik A, Fakler B, Roeper J (2014) Mutant α-synuclein enhances firing frequencies in dopamine substantia nigra neurons by oxidative impairment of A-type potassium channels. J Neurosci, 34(41):13586-99.

Lahut S, Gispert S, Ömür Ö, Depboylu C, Seidel K, Domínguez-Bautista JA, Brehm N, Tireli H, Hackmann K, Pirkevi C, Leube B, Ries V, Reim K, Brose N, den Dunnen WF, Johnson M, Wolf Z, Schindewolf M, Schrempf W, Reetz K, Young P, Vadasz D, Frangakis AS, Schröck E, Steinmetz H, Jendrach M, Rüb U, Başak AN, Oertel W, Auburger G. Blood RNA biomarkers in prodromal PARK4 and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder show role of complexin 1 loss for risk of Parkinson's disease. Dis Model Mech. 2017 May 1;10(5):619-631.


Others:

Korsching S, Auburger G, Heumann R, Scott J, Thoenen H (1985) Levels of Nerve Growth Factor and its mRNA in the central nervous system of the rat correlate with cholinergic innervation. EMBO J, 4:1389-1393.

Auburger G, Heumann R, Hellweg R, Korsching S, Thoenen H (1987) Developmental changes of Nerve Growth Factor and its mRNA in the rat hippocampus: Comparison with Choline Acetyltransferase. Dev Biol, 120:322-328.

Leube B, Rudnicki D, Ratzlaff T, Kessler KR, Benecke R und Auburger G (1996) Idiopathic torsion dystonia: assignment of a gene to chromosome 18p in a German family with adult onset, autosomal dominant inheritance and purely focal distribution. Hum Mol Genet, 5:1673-1677.

Leroy E, Boyer R, Auburger G, Leube B, Ulm G, Mezey E, Harta G, Brownstein MJ, Jonnalagada S, Chernova T, Dehejia A, Lavedan C, Gasser T, Steinbach PJ, Wilkinson KD, Polymeropoulos MH (1998) A mutation in the Ubiquitin-hydrolase L1 gene in a family with Parkinson’s disease suggests a role for the ubiquitin pathway in neurodegenerative disorders. Nature, 395:451-2.

Sedelis M, Hofele K, Auburger GW, Morgan S, Huston JP, Schwarting RKW (2000) MPTP susceptibility in the mouse: behavioral, neurochemical and histological analysis of gender and strain differences. Behav Genet, 30:171-82.

Alexander C, Votruba M, Pesch UEA, Thiselton DL, Mayer S, Moore A, Rodriguez M, Kellner U, Leo-Kottler B, Auburger G, Bhattacharya SS, Wissinger B (2000) OPA1, encoding a dynamin-related GTPase, is mutated in autosomal dominant optic atrophy linked to chromosome 3q28. Nat Genet, 26:211-215.

Lee HY, Xu Y, Huang Y, Ahn AH, Auburger GW, Pandolfo M, Kwieciski H, Grimes DA, Lang AE, Nielsen JE, Averyanov Y, Servidei S, Friedman A, van Bogaert P, Abramovic MJ, Bruno MK, Sorensen BF, Tang L, Fu YH, Ptacek LJ (2004) The gene for paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia encodes an enzyme in a stress response pathway. Hum Mol Genet, 13 (24):3161-70.

Yasuno K, Bilguvar K, Bijlenga P, Kee ALS, Krischek B, Auburger G, Simon M, Krex D, Arlier Z, Nayak N, Ruigrok YM, Niemela M, Tajima A, von und zu Fraunberg M, Tamas D, Wirjatijasa F, Hata A, Jordi B, Oszvald A, Kasuya H, Gulam Z, Schoch B, Pankaj S, Stüer C, Roelof R, Beck J, Sola T, Ricciardi F, Aromaa A, Illig T, Schreiber S, van Duijn CM, van den Berg LH, Claire P, Carole P, Roder C, Ozturk AK, Gaal E, Jeremy W, Berg D, Geisen C, Christoph F, Paul S, Alex F, State MW, Wichmann HE, Breteler MMB, Wijmenga C, Mane S, Peltonen L, Vivas E, Sturkenboom M, Lawford P, Byrne J, Macho, Sandalcioglu IE, Meyer B, Raabe A, Steinmetz H, Rüfenacht D, Jääskeläinen JE, Hernesniemi JE, Rinkel GJE, Zembutsu H, Inoue I, Palotie A, Cambien F, Nakamura Y, Lifton RP, Günel M. Genome-wide associations study of intracranial aneurysms identifies three new risk loci (2010) Nat Genet, 42(5):420-5.

Yasuno K, Bakircioglu M, Low SK, Bilguvar K, Gaál E, Ruigrok YM, Niemela M, Hata A, Bijlenga P, Kasuya H, Jääskeläinen JE, Krex D, Auburger G, Simon M, Krischek B, Ozturk AK, Mane S, Steinmetz H, Zembutsu H, Inoue I, Palotie A, Cambien F, Nakamura Y, Lifton RP, Günel M. (2011) A common variant near the Endothelin Receptor type A (EDNRA) gene is associated with intracranial aneurysm risk. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 108(49):19707-12.

Weber YG, Kamm C, Suls A, Kempfle J, Kotschet K, Schüle R, Wuttke T, Maljevic S, Liebrich J, Gasser T, Ludolph A, Van Paesschen W, Schoels L, De Jonghe P, Auburger G, Lerche H (2011) Paroxysmal choreoathetosis/spasticity (DYT9) is caused by a GLUT1 defect. Neurology, 77(10):959-64.

Xiao J, Uitti RJ, Zhao Y, Vemula SR, Perlmutter JS, Wszolek ZK, Maraganore DM, Auburger G, Leube B, Lehnhoff K, LeDoux MS (2012) Mutations in CIZ1 cause adult-onset primary cervical dystonia. Ann Neurol, 71(4):458-69.

Gispert S, Parganlija D, Klinkenberg M, Dröse S, Wittig I, Mittelbronn M, Grzmil P, Koob S, Hamann A, Walter M, Büchel F, Adler T, de Angelis MH, Busch DH, Zell A, Reichert AS, Brandt U, Osiewacz HD, Jendrach M, Auburger G (2013) Deletion of mitochondrial peptidase Clpp leads to infertility, hearing loss plus growth retardation via accumulation of CLPX, mtDNA, and inflammatory factors. Hum Mol Genet, 22(24):4871-87.

Heck MV, Azizov M, Stehning T, Walter M, Kedersha N, Auburger G (2014) Dysregulated Expression of Lipid Storage and Membrane Dynamics Factors in Tia1 Knock-Out Mouse Nervous Tissue. Neurogenetics, 15(2):135-44.

Klionsky DJ, Abdelmohsen K, Abe A, Abedin MJ, Abeliovich H, Acevedo Arozena A, Adachi H, Adams CM, Adams PD, Adeli K, Adhihetty PJ, Adler SG, Agam G, Agarwal R, Aghi MK, Agnello M, Agostinis P, Aguilar PV, Aguirre-Ghiso J, Airoldi EM, Ait-Si-Ali S, Akematsu T, Akporiaye ET, Al-Rubeai M, Albaiceta GM, Albanese C, Albani D, Albert ML, Aldudo J, Algül H, Alirezaei M, Alloza I, Almasan A, Almonte-Beceril M, Alnemri ES, Alonso C, Altan-Bonnet N, Altieri DC, Alvarez S, Alvarez-Erviti L, Alves S, Amadoro G, Amano A, Amantini C, Ambrosio S, Amelio I, Amer AO, Amessou M, Amon A, An Z, Anania FA, Andersen SU, Andley UP, Andreadi CK, Andrieu-Abadie N, Anel A, Ann DK, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Antonioli M, Aoki H, Apostolova N, Aquila S, Aquilano K, Araki K, Arama E, Aranda A, Araya J, Arcaro A, Arias E, Arimoto H, Ariosa AR, Armstrong JL, Arnould T, Arsov I, Asanuma K, Askanas V, Asselin E, Atarashi R, Atherton SS, Atkin JD, Attardi LD, Auberger P, Auburger G, Aurelian L, Autelli R, Avagliano L, Avantaggiati ML, Avrahami L, Awale S, Azad N, Bachetti T, Backer JM, Bae DH, Bae JS, Bae ON, Bae SH, Baehrecke EH, Baek SH, Baghdiguian S, Bagniewska-Zadworna A, Bai H, Bai J, Bai XY, Bailly Y, Balaji KN, Balduini W, Ballabio A, Balzan R, Banerjee R, Bánhegyi G, Bao H, Barbeau B, Barrachina MD, Barreiro E, Bartel B, Bartolomé A, Bassham DC, Bassi MT, Bast RC Jr, Basu A, Batista MT, Batoko H, Battino M, Bauckman K, Baumgarner BL, Bayer KU, Beale R, Beaulieu JF, Beck GR Jr, Becker C, Beckham JD, Bédard PA, Bednarski PJ, Begley TJ, Behl C, Behrends C, Behrens GM, Behrns KE, Bejarano E, Belaid A, Belleudi F, Bénard G, Berchem G, Bergamaschi D, Bergami M, Berkhout B, Berliocchi L, Bernard A, Bernard M, Bernassola F, Bertolotti A, Bess AS, Besteiro S, Bettuzzi S, Bhalla S, Bhattacharyya S, Bhutia SK, Biagosch C, Bianchi MW, Biard-Piechaczyk M, Billes V, Bincoletto C, Bingol B, Bird SW, Bitoun M, Bjedov I, Blackstone C, Blanc L, Blanco GA, Blomhoff HK, Boada-Romero E, Böckler S, Boes M, Boesze-Battaglia K, Boise LH, Bolino A, Boman A, Bonaldo P, Bordi M, Bosch J, Botana LM, Botti J, Bou G, Bouché M, Bouchecareilh M, Boucher MJ, Boulton ME, Bouret SG, Boya P, Boyer-Guittaut M, Bozhkov PV, Brady N, Braga VM, Brancolini C, Braus GH, Bravo-San Pedro JM, Brennan LA, Bresnick EH, Brest P, Bridges D, Bringer MA, Brini M, Brito GC, Brodin B, Brookes PS, Brown EJ, Brown K, Broxmeyer HE, Bruhat A, Brum PC, Brumell JH, Brunetti-Pierri N, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Buch S, Buchan AM, Budak H, Bulavin DV, Bultman SJ, Bultynck G, Bumbasirevic V, Burelle Y, Burke RE, Burmeister M, Bütikofer P, Caberlotto L, Cadwell K, Cahova M, Cai D, Cai J, Cai Q, Calatayud S, Camougrand N, Campanella M, Campbell GR, Campbell M, Campello S, Candau R, Caniggia I, Cantoni L, Cao L, Caplan AB, Caraglia M, Cardinali C, Cardoso SM, Carew JS, Carleton LA, Carlin CR, Carloni S, Carlsson SR, Carmona-Gutierrez D, Carneiro LA, Carnevali O, Carra S, Carrier A, Carroll B, Casas C, Casas J, Cassinelli G, Castets P, Castro-Obregon S, Cavallini G, Ceccherini I, Cecconi F, Cederbaum AI, Ceńa V, Cenci S, Cerella C, Cervia D, Cetrullo S, Chaachouay H, Chae HJ, Chagin AS, Chai CY, Chakrabarti G, Chamilos G, Chan EY, Chan MT, Chandra D, Chandra P, Chang CP, Chang RC, Chang TY, Chatham JC, Chatterjee S, Chauhan S, Che Y, Cheetham ME, Cheluvappa R, Chen CJ, Chen G, Chen GC, Chen G, Chen H, Chen JW, Chen JK, Chen M, Chen M, Chen P, Chen Q, Chen Q, Chen SD, Chen S, Chen SS, Chen W, Chen WJ, Chen WQ, Chen W, Chen X, Chen YH, Chen YG, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen Y, Chen YJ, Chen YQ, Chen Y, Chen Z, Chen Z, Cheng A, Cheng CH, Cheng H, Cheong H, Cherry S, Chesney J, Cheung CH, Chevet E, Chi HC, Chi SG, Chiacchiera F, Chiang HL, Chiarelli R, Chiariello M, Chieppa M, Chin LS, Chiong M, Chiu GN, Cho DH, Cho SG, Cho WC, Cho YY, Cho YS, Choi AM, Choi EJ, Choi EK, Choi J, Choi ME, Choi SI, Chou TF, Chouaib S, Choubey D, Choubey V, Chow KC, Chowdhury K, Chu CT, Chuang TH, Chun T, Chung H, Chung T, Chung YL, Chwae YJ, Cianfanelli V, Ciarcia R, Ciechomska IA, Ciriolo MR, Cirone M, Claerhout S, Clague MJ, Clŕria J, Clarke PG, Clarke R, Clementi E, Cleyrat C, Cnop M, Coccia EM, Cocco T, Codogno P, Coers J, Cohen EE, Colecchia D, Coletto L, Coll NS, Colucci-Guyon E, Comincini S, Condello M, Cook KL, Coombs GH, Cooper CD, Cooper JM, Coppens I, Corasaniti MT, Corazzari M, Corbalan R, Corcelle-Termeau E, Cordero MD, Corral-Ramos C, Corti O, Cossarizza A, Costelli P, Costes S, Cotman SL, Coto-Montes A, Cottet S, Couve E, Covey LR, Cowart LA, Cox JS, Coxon FP, Coyne CB, Cragg MS, Craven RJ, Crepaldi T, Crespo JL, Criollo A, Crippa V, Cruz MT, Cuervo AM, Cuezva JM, Cui T, Cutillas PR, Czaja MJ, Czyzyk-Krzeska MF, Dagda RK, Dahmen U, Dai C, Dai W, Dai Y, Dalby KN, Dalla Valle L, Dalmasso G, D'Amelio M, Damme M, Darfeuille-Michaud A, Dargemont C, Darley-Usmar VM, Dasarathy S, Dasgupta B, Dash S, Dass CR, Davey HM, Davids LM, Dávila D, Davis RJ, Dawson TM, Dawson VL, Daza P, de Belleroche J, de Figueiredo P, de Figueiredo RC, de la Fuente J, De Martino L, De Matteis A, De Meyer GR, De Milito A, De Santi M, de Souza W, De Tata V, De Zio D, Debnath J, Dechant R, Decuypere JP, Deegan S, Dehay B, Del Bello B, Del Re DP, Delage-Mourroux R, Delbridge LM, Deldicque L, Delorme-Axford E, Deng Y, Dengjel J, Denizot M, Dent P, Der CJ, Deretic V, Derrien B, Deutsch E, Devarenne TP, Devenish RJ, Di Bartolomeo S, Di Daniele N, Di Domenico F, Di Nardo A, Di Paola S, Di Pietro A, Di Renzo L, DiAntonio A, Díaz-Araya G, Díaz-Laviada I, Diaz-Meco MT, Diaz-Nido J, Dickey CA, Dickson RC, Diederich M, Digard P, Dikic I, Dinesh-Kumar SP, Ding C, Ding WX, Ding Z, Dini L, Distler JH, Diwan A, Djavaheri-Mergny M, Dmytruk K, Dobson RC, Doetsch V, Dokladny K, Dokudovskaya S, Donadelli M, Dong XC, Dong X, Dong Z, Donohue TM Jr, Doran KS, D'Orazi G, Dorn GW 2nd, Dosenko V, Dridi S, Drucker L, Du J, Du LL, Du L, du Toit A, Dua P, Duan L, Duann P, Dubey VK, Duchen MR, Duchosal MA, Duez H, Dugail I, Dumit VI, Duncan MC, Dunlop EA, Dunn WA Jr, Dupont N, Dupuis L, Durán RV, Durcan TM, Duvezin-Caubet S, Duvvuri U, Eapen V, Ebrahimi-Fakhari D, Echard A, Eckhart L, Edelstein CL, Edinger AL, Eichinger L, Eisenberg T, Eisenberg-Lerner A, Eissa NT, El-Deiry WS, El-Khoury V, Elazar Z, Eldar-Finkelman H, Elliott CJ, Emanuele E, Emmenegger U, Engedal N, Engelbrecht AM, Engelender S, Enserink JM, Erdmann R, Erenpreisa J, Eri R, Eriksen JL, Erman A, Escalante R, Eskelinen EL, Espert L, Esteban-Martínez L, Evans TJ, Fabri M, Fabrias G, Fabrizi C, Facchiano A, Fćrgeman NJ, Faggioni A, Fairlie WD, Fan C, Fan D, Fan J, Fang S, Fanto M, Fanzani A, Farkas T, Faure M, Favier FB, Fearnhead H, Federici M, Fei E, Felizardo TC, Feng H, Feng Y, Feng Y, Ferguson TA, Fernández ÁF, Fernandez-Barrena MG, Fernandez-Checa JC, Fernández-López A, Fernandez-Zapico ME, Feron O, Ferraro E, Ferreira-Halder CV, Fesus L, Feuer R, Fiesel FC, Filippi-Chiela EC, Filomeni G, Fimia GM, Fingert JH, Finkbeiner S, Finkel T, Fiorito F, Fisher PB, 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